Starting with Ranger Battalions, the US Army began adopting and modifying M240 variants to replace their remaining M60s in the early 1990s. It did not go into full-scale production, though many of its features were included into the later E3 and E4 variants. It is made of matte nickel plated steel with a steel floor plate and a black plastic follower. and also make the reload time longer, like: 7.1 seconds. Seems there is also a weight difference despite the disadvantage of rimmed ammo. The M60E2 was electrically fired, but had a manual trigger as a backup, as well as a metal loop at the back for charging. It is generally used as crew-served weapon and operated by a team of two or three individuals. One of the weapons tested against it during its procurement process was the FN MAG. I did see on on the back ramp of a chinook though. There's a few nations that have used both the M60 (not the M60E3 and later models) and the FN MAG58, Australia is one of them and I've had the good fortune to use both. It could be fired from the cockpit by the pilot or co-pilot. The design drew on many common concepts in firearms manufacture of the period, such as stamped sheet metal construction, belt feed (a modified mechanism for belt feed from the MG42 with a single pawl), quick barrel replacement, a pistol grip and stock, and a Semi bullpup design similar to the FG42 (much of the action occupies the weapon's stock). A member of the 101st Airborne Division, armed with an M60 machine gun, participates in a field exercise in 1972. The FN MAG/GPMG is used more internationally and is generally regarded to be more reliable. It did not, however, have a forward pistol grip, as was added on the E3. Loss of the glove was always a problem.. The MK 43 Mod 1 adds significantly more rail attachment points to the weapon's receiver cover and handguard. This is the M240B, the US Army’s ground variant and replacement of the the M60 for infantry. The M60 is also about 10cm shorter than a MAG and a little lighter but most of it's weight is towards the rear while the MAG has a bit better balance. This mainly changed how the gas cylinder, the barrel, and the bipod were connected; in the first iteration. Older M60 models can be upgraded with a conversion kit manufactured by U.S. An American medium machine-gun, most notably used in the jungles of Vietnam by the US army. The M60 and the M60E1 are two different versions. It was not mounted, just held, and was soon replaced by the pintle-mounted M60D. The M60E4/MK 43 is a modern update to the entire series, such that it is also available in many of the previous configurations, such as a co-axial weapon. The M240 (and the FN MAG and the British L7, which are more or less the same thing when it comes down to it) are good weapons but are generally regarded as too heavy for infantry use. P.S. M60 machine gun fired during a small arms familiarization exercise aboard USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19); November 2004. It lacks many of the external components of the standard M60, including stock and grips. The M122 would be itself replaced in the 2000s (decade) by a new mount, in time for the M60 to also be used with it. The nomenclature M60 describes either the first adopted version or, generically, the family of weapons derived from it. A Belgium made belt fed GPMG first introduced in the 1950s. There are several types of live ammunition approved for use in the M60, including ball, tracer, and armor-piercing rounds. The large grip also allowed the weapon to be conveniently carried at the hip. The four to one ratio theoretically allows the gunner to accurately "walk" the fire into the enemy. The only thing I didn't like about it is valid for both guns - I don't like link ammunition. The M60 was a fragile, unreliable, badly-designed piece of shit. It would be retarded for someone to stand up while they are being shot at with rapid fire machine gun. Ordnance. Metallurgical problems also played a part, (blamed by some on low-bid contractors), but after 1970 a slightly heavier part was designed and slowly put into the supply chain. It uses … The M60 continues to be used in the 21st century by U.S. Navy SEALs and as a door gun on U.S. Army helicopters, and was the main 7.62 mm machine gun by some U.S. special operations forces to the late 1990s. The M60 was retained in the vehicle-mounted role and the general-purpose role due to its greater power and range compared to the 5.56 mm M249. The experimental T-44 machine gun developed from the German FG 42 and MG 42 machine guns. The stellite superalloy barrel liner makes it possible, but the excessive heat generated by this process can quickly make the gun unusable. The team consists of the gunner, the assistant gunner (AG in military slang), and the ammunition bearer. service.. It mounts directly or adapts to all standard NATO tripod and vehicle mounts. When tested in the field, the M60 was fairly effective, but in the jungles of Southeast Asia in which it was soon used, the initial versions displayed several potential problems when used on the ground. The M60D is also used by the British on Royal Air Force Chinooks. Variants of the FN MAG were manufactured by at least ten companies: FN Herstal, Fabricaciones Militares, Changfeng Machinery, Indian Ordnance Factories, the Ordnance Development and Engineering Company of Singapore, Canadian Arsenals Limited, the Royal Small Arms Factory, Heckler and Koch, Manroy Engineering, Yunnan Xiyi Industry Company Limited, and Egypt's Maadi Company for Engineering Industries. Ammunition is usually fed into the weapon from a 100-round bandolier containing a disintegrating, metallic split-link belt. An M60 machine gun aboard a Navy patrol craft. M240 is heavier and has a slightly higher rate of fire. While the M240B had been more reliable in the tests, it was noted to be a heavier weapon than the M60E4. ", Department of the Army Field Manual No. Diagram Visual, p. 217. The M60 is easier to carry as it has a foreward handguard compared to the MAGs angular body and its forward sling mount is halfway down the barrel, from memory, the MAG doesn't have a forward sling attachment. There were different types of barrels used, but the lightweight barrel was not as safe for sustained fire at 200 rounds per minute as heavier types. The time now is 04:56 AM. The Dillon Aero line of gun mounts extends beyond the M134D. Three qualities have guaranteed this enduring status - reliability, ease of operation, and firepower. Scaled down derivatives of the M60 machine gun also existed as the Ford Aerospace XM234 and Rodman Laboratories XM235 as a replacement for the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. The Navy has designated this weapon as the MK 43 Mod 0. The team consists of the gunner, the assistant gunner (AG in military slang), and the ammunition bearer. Is a person who leaves the military considered retired military? The reduced-weight components also reduced the durability of the weapon, making it more prone to rapid wear and parts breakage than the original. It is the newest, upgraded version of the M60 Series machine guns.. Known as M240 in the US Army. Most, if not all, of these problems were sorted out when the M60E3 model was produced. It still had a pistol grip (as opposed to spade grips). The M60C was adopted for use on fixed mounts on aircraft. The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier. Joe, M60E3 vs SAW. It was derived from German machine guns of World War II (most notably the FG 42 and to a lesser extent the MG 42), but it contained American innovations as well. It also spawned the Yugoslav nearly identical Zastava M53, Swiss MG 51 and SIG MG 710-3, Austrian MG 74, and the Spanish 5.56×45mm NATO Ameli light machine gun, and lent many design elements to the American M60 and Belgian MAG. Additional required changes were the addition of rails for optical sights and other modern accessories. 93, 196. The M240 is an American 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Gun. Unlike its predecessors, the M60E3 has several updated modern features. The M60 has been used by the United States, United Kingdom, Taiwan, South Korea, Portugal, Indonesia, Australia, Greece, Italy, and many other nations. Weapons used by Vietnamese irregular forces, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m60mg-pics.htm, "Army's Newest Machine Gun Shoots from the Shoulder. ... FN MAG is the benchmark for … The main difference between the standard M60 and the "C" variant is the electronic control system and the hydraulic swivel system used. The assistant carries a spare barrel and extra ammunition, and reloads and spots targets for the gunner. Opinions are varied on whether the M60E1 was officially adopted or not. The MG42 was feared by the Allied forces due in large part to its 1,200 RPM firing rate. It can be mounted on boats, vehicles and as a pintle-mounted door gun in helicopters. The Mk43/M60E4 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) is a 7.62 mm NATO light machine gun. 1 Overview 2 Gallery 3 See Also 4 References The FN MAG is a gas-operated, belt-fed, air-cooled automatic weapon. M60 ammunition comes in a cloth bandolier containing a cardboard box of 100 pre-linked rounds. The M60E2 is used on armored fighting vehicles, such as the M48A5, later M60 Patton versions and the K1 Type 88. It it possible the democratic leadership teamed up with the Chinese and released coronavirus in the air to bring down Trump? Being only a 7.62 mm machine gun it is largely ineffective against all but the most weakly armoured, or open cabin, vehicles. A sailor fires an M60E3 machine gun during a live-fire exercise at the Mobile Inshore Underwater Warfare Site (MIUW) at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. 3 months ago. This is useful if you want to dual mount GPMGs onto a pedestal (such as in the back of Brit SAS Landrover patrol vehicles) because it means you don't have the ammunition belt of the righthand weapon fouling on the pedestal mount. Ironic, as the M60 competed against and won over the FN MAG, which currently serves as the current mainstay GPMG in the US Military in the form of the M240B, but that’s neither here nor there… Both designs (the first M60 and MG42) used cloth bandoliers. M60 still works fine but someone at the top of the chain of command (who is obviously not a grunt) decided that they needed to give the troops more weight to carry. All major components of the Mk43/M60E4 directly interchange with other M60 configurations. PKM vs FN MAG vs MG3 vs M60 vs MG5 vs Pecheneg vs Mk 48 Thread starter Varanidae; Start date Dec 21, 2017; Which GPMG is the best? This is a problem for all weapons in this caliber using this tracer round. The M60E4 and MK 43 versions in the past were roughly similar, although they are part of the same family. Their rate of fire means they are also very good in suppression roles e.g keeping the enemies heads down but their primary role is as the main source of killing power in the Section. Kits are offered to convert older models to the E4 standard. He was stationed at an Air Force base in Washington State. However, this is highly discouraged, as doing so can damage that round and increase the chance of a misfire. The M240 is an American copy of the Belgian FN MAG general-purpose machine-gun, that has replaced the M60 is all branches of the US Armed Forces. With the lightweight bipod mounted to the receiver, the barrel can be changed without removing the bipod. The L is 13ozs lighter than the M-60, but still 5" longer. Early prototypes, notably the T52 and T161 bore a close resemblance to both the M1941 Johnson machine gun and the FG-42. 3-22.68, MCWP 3-15.1 United States Marine Corps: "Machine Guns and Machine Gun Gunnery", US Army manual: Operator's Manual For M60, M122, M60D, Nazarian's Gun's Recognition Guide (FILM) M60 Presentation (.MPEG), https://vietnamwar.fandom.com/wiki/M60_machine_gun?oldid=25856, Short barrel: weight: 22.5 lb (10.2 kg); length: 37.7 in (95.8 cm), Long barrel: weight: 23.1 lb (10.5 kg); length: 42.4 in (108 cm), Assault barrel: weight: 21.3 lb (9.66 kg); length: 37.0 in (94.0 cm). level 2. It is 100% original and never refinished. The gas tube below the barrel was extended to the full length of the weapon to vent the gas outside the vehicle. What do you think of the answers? the damage might be a little overkill. The Mk43 machine gun currently is manufactured solely by U.S. Both weapons are very easy to handle when used by a competent gunner and can easily produce 3-rd bursts and if you've had enough time on them, you can pull off single shots with them aswell. Just to clarify, GPMG means General Purpose Machine Gun, a term meaning that it could be used like the light machineguns of WW1 and early WW2 but also that it could be mounted on a tripod and used in the fire support role like the heavy machineguns of WW1 & WW2. The basic design has undergone some smaller changes, and has been produced by different manufacturers. What do you think of the 15 million men who dodged the draft during the Vietnam war? The reliability problem with the M60 machine gun was even more evident when the gun was compared to the successful and reliable PK machine gun used by Warsaw Pact forces and Soviet client states, the German MG 42 from WWII and its derivatives such as the MG3, or to the FN MAG that as the M240 would eventually replace the M60. The GPMG has been sold everywhere, and is a very popular weapon, the M60 is generally considered a bit of a dog, even the wikipedia entry is not very supportive. The bipod being attached to the barrel also meant that the weapon had to be put down on the ground for a barrel change, complicating the process unnecessarily, especially in combat conditions. The 240D is designed to be mounted and fired by one person, but not mobile (as in on foot). A member of the 810th Military Police Company mans a 7.62 mm M60 machine gun atop an M998 Humvee during Operation Desert Shield. The M60 (formally named United States Machine Gun, Caliber 7.62 mm, M60) is a family of American general-purpose machine guns firing 7.62×51mm NATO cartridges from a disintegrating belt of M13 links. The concept was developed by the Germans during WW2. M60. Both weapons do their job well but for me, the M60 is the lesser because the need to carry an asbestos glove to change the barrel is madness. Airman with M60, assigned to the 52nd Security Forces Squadron (SFS), at Spangdahlem Air Base (AB), Germany. Externally, it looks somewhat like the M60E3, but it has many internal changes and improvements that modernize the effectiveness and reliability of this weapon, in general it is a more reliable weapon than all previous M60s. I say go with a peared down M-60 E4 or SAW in a 6mm caliber in the 100-130 grain range. The main role of the GPMG in infantry use is to kill the enemy, they form the major source of firepower in a Section (US designation is Squad). Several critical parts of early production M60s, such as the receiver cover and feed tray, were made from very thin sheet metal stampings and prone to bending or breaking; sturdier parts were eventually available in the early 1970s. Bienvenidos Locos por las armas M60 Historia La ametralladora M60 comenzó su desarrollo a finales de la década de 1940, como un programa para una ametralladora nueva y más ligera del calibre 7,62 x 51 OTAN. It is a superb piece of kit, with high reliability, easy to use, easy to strip down and clean, and I have hardly even had a stoppage which was not due to my lack of care, rather than the gun itself. However, to achieve the maximum effective range, it is recommended that a bipod-steadied position or a tripod-mounted position be used and fired in bursts of 3–5 rounds. It saw its first heavy use in the 1960s. During its five decade career the MAG 58 has been through countless evolutions. Some few years later an improved version was fielded and some comparative trials were run using the new M60 co ax, the old one, PKT, MG3 (I think), FN MAG, Canadian C7 and British L7. Once we got into a firefight and my belt snapped off after catching in a bush... My favourite support weapon, before the introduction of 5.56mm (which I don't like) was actually the old L4 Bren Gun. MarcosJal. A mounted MK 43 Mod 0 (M60E4) (later model) is crewed by a Seabee of NMCB-15 (Naval Mobile Construction Battalion), on a convoy in Iraq in May 2003. It was replaced in the British Army as the section LMG by the L7 general-purpose machine gun (GPMG), a heavier belt-fed weapon. It was intended to replace the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle and M1919A6 Browning machine gun in the squad automatic weapon role, and in the medium machine gun role. To 2000 A.D. This is an FN(Fabrique Nationale) factory 10 shot MAGAZINE for their.41 AE caliber conversion. The M60 is considered effective up to 1,100 meters when firing at an area target and mounted on a tripod; up to 800 meters when firing at an area target using the integral bipod; up to 600 meters when firing at a point target; and up to 200 meters when firing at a moving point target. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. The later models changed the ammunition box attachment point and made this adaptation unnecessary. Unlike on the MAG, the M-60's bipod is attached to the barrel, and the barrel does not have that convenient handle which was copied from the Bren Gun, and which makes it easy to change without burning your hands or taking longer than necessary to change it. M60E2, intended for co-axial use. Note gas tube extension and no grip. In the following paragraphs I'm talking specifically about the earlier models of the M60. Early MK 43s had some distinct differences from the E4 (such as a duckbill flash suppressor), though by the 2000s (decade) these distinctions seemed to have ended. Featuring a lightweight, injection-molded housing and follower crafted from impact resistant, glass-filled nylon polymer along with anti-fatigue chrome silicon springs, these 30-round extended ProMag magazines are a must-have for any serious Five SeveN enthusiast. The initial version was officially adopted by the U.S. Army in the late 1950s, though at this time it was only intended for the infantry. Its design ensures compatibility with the M134D Vertical Arm. The weapon was more difficult to clean and maintain than the M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) it replaced in the squad. However, the M60 uses a much simpler gas system that, when care is taken during reassembly, is easier to clean. The safety was awkward to operate and worked the "wrong way" for soldiers who were trained with the M16 rifle and M1911A1 pistol—that is, it required an upward movement of the thumb on the safety catch to make the gun ready to fire, rather than a downward movement as with the other weapons. The last two are both versions of the MAG.  It later served in the Vietnam War as a squad automatic weapon with many U.S. units. 2013. Most common in U.S. use are M61 Armor piercing, M62 Tracer, and M80 Ball. This was an initial requirement for the design and a hold-over in concept from the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle. A 19th Special Forces Group soldier mans an M60 machine gun on a Humvee in Afghanistan in March 2004. The M60D was equipped on the UH-1B Huey (using the M23, XM29, M59, and the Sagami mounts), the CH-47 Chinook (using the M24 and M41 mounts) in both door and ramp locations, the ACH-47A "Guns-A-Go-Go" variant of the Chinook (using the XM32 and XM33 mounts), and on the UH-60 Black Hawk (using the M144 mount). It was characterized by the use of an electric solenoid to operate the trigger and a hydraulic system to charge the weapon. 87. A common complaint was the weapon's weight, though M60 was among the lightest 7.62 mm machine guns of the era. The grip/trigger housing assembly is held in place with a rather fragile leaf spring clip instead of the captive pins used in other designs. M60C production was on the order of several hundred. U.S. Click on a term to search for related topics. SAW = heavy belt fed version of M16A2,much lighter than M60, and uses 5.56mm round of M16 making ammo resupply easier (instead shipping 2 different types of ammo, just send more of 1 type) Hope that gives you an answer -----Pzvg The M60D differed from the base model by employing spade grips, a different sighting system, and lacking a forearm. The US Military uses it in many roles and certainly more than the M60, only they call it the M240. All USAF M60E3s were withdrawn from general issue by 1990, because it did not meet the vehicle mount requirements of the Cadillac Gage Ranger and due to overheating problems.
For six decades, the 7.62mm FN MAG has been a dominant general-purpose machine gun (GPMG) in worldwide arsenals. US Army after some not very successfull attempts to field a purpose designed co ax adapted the M60 to the role. A camouflaged infantryman armed with an M60 machine gun. , Introduced in 1957, it has served with every branch of the U.S. military and still serves with other armed forces. A Gunner’s Mate 3rd Class in the process of preventative maintenance and cleaning on an M60 machine on the USS Constellation; December 2002. As with all such weapons, it can be fired from the shoulder, hip, or underarm position. The FN MAG is used by commonwealth countries such as the UK L7A2 and Canadian C6 GPMG, and adopted by the U.S. military as the M240 machine gun. As such, any platform equipped with an M134D system is interchangeable with the M240/MAG58 in a matter of seconds. The M60 family of weapons are capable of firing standard NATO rounds of the appropriate caliber. Big Evil, the M-60 and the FN MAG GPMG are the same calibre. The Air Force cut the barrel change times, sustained fire 100 rounds per minute change barrel every 10 minutes (M-60) to 5 minutes (M-60E3), and rapid fire 200 rounds per minute change barrel every 5 minutes to 2 minutes. In the 1980s, the M60 was partially replaced by the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon within the infantry squad. Ordnance website states in their FAQ, as of 2005, that the "M60E4 and the MK 43 are the same weapon system". An AT4 anti-tank launcher can be seen in the foreground. The competition was to replace the decades-old M60s. A canvas bag is also affixed to the gun to capture ejected casings and links, preventing them from being sucked into the rotor blades or into an engine intake. It fires from mountings (on vehicles, aircraft, ships and boats, or on tripods) but is also used by troops on the ground. When firing blanks, the M13 or M13A1 blank-firing adaptor (BFA) is necessary in order to produce enough gas pressure to cycle the weapon with blanks. Vehicle-mounted or stationary is fine, but they're less portable. Another difference as compared to the disintergrating metal links used by the FN MAG. Its manufacture and continued upgrade for military and commercial purchase continues into the 21st century, though it has been replaced or supplemented in most roles by other designs, notably the M240 in U.S. ISBN 0-312-03950-6. The non-adjustable front sight is fixed to the barrel, and adjustments for "zeroing" the sights could only be made at the rear sight, requiring readjustment when the barrel is changed—not ideal for combat situations. It may also be fired from the integral bipod, M122 tripod, and some other mounts. The M60D is a mounted version of the standard M60. The PKM is essentially a scaled up AKM that has been flipped over, and converted to fire from a belt. It used the M2, M6, and M16 armament subsystems and was mounted on the OH-13 Sioux, the OH-23 Raven, the UH-1B Huey, and comprised the standard fixed armament of the OV-10 Bronco. High-round-count weapons were also susceptible to stretching of the receiver and other parts. What needs to be improved in your opinion? The model was type-classified in 1957, and entered production. Major variations include the M60E1 (an improved version that did not enter production), the M60E2 (a version designed to be used from fixed mounts as a co-axial for armored vehicles or in helicopter armament systems), the M60E3 (a lightweight version) and the M60E4 (another improved version, designated Mk 43 Mod 0 by the U.S. Navy). They are available in short, long and heavy fluted configurations for use in various applications. The up-gunned M113 armored personnel carrier ACAV added two M60 gunners beside the main .50 caliber machine gun, and the Patrol Boat, River had one in addition to two .50 cal mounts. USORD has produced it since 2000. Every soldier in the rifle squad would carry an additional 200 linked rounds of ammunition for the M60, a spare barrel, or both. In US service, the M60D has been primarily replaced by the M240H. The gun's weight and the amount of ammunition it consumes when fired make it difficult for a single soldier to carry and operate. In normal conditions it would often fire thousands of rounds without a serious jam, while field conditions tended to reduce reliability without proper maintenance. Ordnance (USORD). The M60E3 variant designed in the mid-1980s for the U.S. Marine Corps reduced the design's weight to 18.9 lb (8.61 kg) unloaded and slightly improved reliability. The weapon is heavy and difficult to aim when firing without support, though the weight helps reduce the felt recoil. Rail attachment points to the 52nd Security Forces Squadron ( SFS ) and... M60 uses a lighter barrel, which uses a lighter barrel, which offers accuracy, reliability ease! 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Contact US ; Advertise ; XCR Forums ; Archive ; Top ; all times are GMT.. And dust in the past were roughly similar, although they are available a., just held, and the `` C '' variant is the newest, version! Qualities have guaranteed this enduring status - reliability, ease of operation, and thus less suited to combat! In a field training exercise in 1987 and buffer to run directly into. Which required changing every 100 rounds instead of every 200 is the original M60 is generally as. Who dodged the draft during the DEFENDER CHALLENGE '88 competition weapon 's weight and the FG-42 armoured, open. From an open bolt two or three individuals largely ineffective against all but the excessive generated!, these features also caused almost as many problems for the US Army to adopt the M60 in,... Manufactures a conversion kit manufactured by U.S reference in its category in terms of accuracy and.... Ag in military slang ), and the bipod were connected ; in the late 1940s as a.. 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