is white clover good for goats

Early termination and starter with plenty of nitrogen applied upfront help to minimize nitrogen tie-up. Not as hardy as cereal rye, but generally better than wheat. Clover lawns do have some disadvantages: It stains clothing more easily than grass. The condition is called bloat. Some cover crops are great at taking up excess nutrients that may be found in the field and others are great at breaking up heavily compacted areas of a field. The following are cool season forages that you might plant for goats and sheep: tall fescue (Novel or Select low endophyte), orchardgrass, prairie bromegrass (persister), white and red clover, hairy vetch, alfalfa, winter annuals, brassicas and chicory. The natural coumarins in the clover are converted to toxic dicumarol when the clover spoils. They cannot handle a frost or freeze, so should not be planted in the fall. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. Do not use MuSe on goats; it is for horses and is too strong. Winter hardy crops have to be terminated before planting the next cash crop in the spring. Shortest growing type of clover that tolerates traffic and compaction; ... sweet, red, balansa, etc. Brassicas, red and white clover, and a high sugar perennial rye grass. Selenium with Vitamin E (prescription BoSe) is available in injectable form for goats from veterinarians. I understand that goats probably wont eat much of that. This web page is devoted to the caprine species, and to many of the plants out there that can kill them. Many require temperatures in the lower twenties to high teens for termination. Collaboration is Key to Maximizing Soil Health Impact, Farmer Experiences Highlight the Intersection of Nutrient Management and Soil Health, What Human Health Can Teach Us About Soil, < FFAR Investment Essential to SHP’s Growth, Most widely-used cover crop in the Midwest. Unlike the relatively non-toxic red and white clovers, alsike clover is known to cause two more serious conditions in horses: photosensitization and big liver syndrome. 4) Placentas so thick that the kids cannot get out unless the producer tears it open. 7) Kids are too large, probably because of prolonged gestation, requiring producer intervention to deliver them alive. Do not feed goat mineral to goats because it is too expensive and if the goats are on pasture or hay it … Horse breeders sometimes give pregnant mares a selenium injection 30 days prior to the projected due date to help make the foaling difficulties more manageable. Occasionally with a good cover of snow, they will have the potential to overwinter though. [Ranch History] [The Present & Future] [Meat Goat Mania][Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™] [News & Events] [Health and Management Articles] [Links] [ChevonTalk Discussion List] [E-Mail] [Home]. If fertilized, the plant can accumulate nitrates, making nitrate poisoning an additional danger. Chickweed. Although some homeowners don't mind having clover in their lawns, others object to its patchy appearance. He was right. goats and sheep. It gives a fairly comprehensive list of plants commonly found in areas with goats, but it is not complete. Because Tall Fescue is unpalatable, goats usually won't eat it unless they have nothing else from which to choose. I would let them decide whats good and not good. Warm season forages that you might plant include: native Lisa Kubik is a Field Manager for the Soil Health Partnership, covering eastern Iowa. Caution using before corn, due to high carbon to nitrogen ratios and potential allelopathic effects. ), [GoatCamp™] [Tennessee Meat Goats™] [Myotonic Goats] [TexMaster™ Goats] [Which Breed is Right for You?] Ulf Kintzel owns and manages White Clover Sheep Farm (www.whitecloversheepfarm.com) in Rushville, NY where he breeds grass-fed White Dorper sheep. Oak but NEVER use oak apples or acorns. Common Nettle. Winter Kill – These cover crops terminate due to cold temperatures. These are many times planted as a mix and used for grazing, harvested forage, reducing extreme compaction in areas or preventive planting acres. Goats eating Tall Fescue can have weight gains reduced by more than 50%. White clover is not as quick to establish, but because it spreads by stolons, what might look like a poor seedling density can turn into a great stand of white clover over a year or two. Your goats need copper so buy a mineral supplement formulated specifically for goats. Clover, red more popular than white. 3) Contractions so weak that the doe requires human assistance in delivering her kids. Some does never develop an udder. There are many other types of clover including berseem, alsike, sweet, red, balansa, etc. White Clover will increase grass production and quality. I do have the wooded hill that I plan to rotate them thru 4 small parcels. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. Legumes: crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) red clover (Trifolium pratense) hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) Austrian winter pea (Pisum sativum subsp. Slower spring growth and less overall biomass than cereal rye. Late summer/early fall planting ensures that the plants are able to get well-established before a killing frost. Tip: Kelp (dried seaweed) fed free choice can help lower body temperature by as much as one-half degree Fahrenheit. White Clover. Poor blood circulation causes a condition called dry gangrene in which parts of the hooves and tail can rot and fall off. The first set of pastures contains novel entophyte tall fescue, Bermuda grass, crab grass, hop clover, white clover, our hardy strain of subterranean clover and forage chicoty. Each type of clover has different traits and benefits, so make sure you do your research before planting. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. It is especially attractive to deer because of the lush high protein leaves that it produces. Some of the most common winter kill species include oats, turnips, and radishes. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. There are some strains of Fescue which are endophyte-free (uninfected with the toxic fungus). Chicory. Suzanne W. Gasparotto, Onion Creek Ranch, Texas 5/4/17. As the clover grow nitrogen is added to the soil – 50 to 100 pounds of nitrogen per … A few oak leaves are fine but do remember Oak is binding, so some leaves are very good for a scouring goats. I learned this year from Don Chenoweth, a goat raiser in Illinois, that his vet prescribed Equidone Gel (Domperidone 2.75 grams) for his pregnant does with Tall Fescue Toxicity. What type of cover crop seed you should use depends on your goals. I am not vet and have no experience with this condition or this product although I have been raising goats since 1990. White clover produces stolons and can creep into thin turf, forming patches. ... Good option for grazing sheep or goats; The SHP field team is a resource in helping SHP farmers understand how to adapt to cover crops in their geography. Clover Species … Read More When it comes to planting food plots for white-tailed deer, it’s hard to beat clover for several reasons. Because goats prefer it to other grasses and clovers, hop clover gives the cool season forages, such as fescue, white clover, and subterranean clover, a chance to … Pinnacle Ladino provides high quality nutrition and yields up to 35% protein which is very important for sustaining deer throughout the year. Bladder Campion. Photo by Martin LaBars. 5) Unusually thick umbilical cords that are tough to break. Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. Good option for grazing or forages if managed correctly, potential nitrate toxicity, some may have prussic acid potential. Summer Annual – The cover crops in this category are heat-driven and typically are planted early-mid summer. Under drought conditions, Tall Fescue continues to grow in pastures where other species have died. Disadvantages of Clover. Plant 2 inches deep with a well-closed seed trench to avoid allelopathy. The challenge with this is that it can be difficult to get a good representative sample of moldy hay. Sounds too good to be true for goats, right? The difference is cheese and chalk. How to Plant Clover for Goats. Tall Fescue is a perennial plant that grows across the United States, from the West Coast to the East Coast, as far south as Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle, and northward into Canada. Tall Fescue is an extremely hardy perennial that is insect and drought resistant, shade tolerant, and stays green year around. Goats have changed colour, healthy shining and in great condition. These goals, as well as other factors, will help to determine the best species, or species mix, to use on your farm. White clover is an excellent companion plant for red clover when growing it in a field for easy foraging. Fungicides are not effective against it, and if Tall Fescue is baled into hay, the toxin remains active and dangerous. Sounds too good to be true for goats, right? 2) Does with little or no milk. Made by Dechra Veterinary Products, Equidone Gel is used in horses, and his vet postulated that it might work with goats. Each type of clover has different traits and benefits, so make sure you do your research before planting. White Clover – This is what my living mulch should soon look like. Sweet clover is an opportunistic plant that takes advantage of good growing conditions when they are available. Red clover is the most popular forage crop to reseed – by far. Rough coats are typical. Ulf owns and operates White Clover Sheep Farm and breeds and raises grass-fed White Dorper sheep and Kiko goats without any grain feeding and offers breeding stock suitable for grazing. Problems include: 1) Prolonged gestation. Simple to grow cover that is commonly used in a mix with other species, Less winter hardy than cereal rye or wheat, Mix with cereal rye for increased weed suppression and increased winter survival of hairy vetch, Slow-growing cover crop so seed early for best growth, Terminate before seed production to avoid hard seed, Produces large amounts of below ground biomass with less above ground growth than cereal rye, Adding oats to the mix could help protect the ryegrass and help it to overwinter, Can be difficult to terminate in the spring so timely and proper herbicide applications are needed, Thrives in shaded conditions, so good option for interseeding, Avoid Italian ryegrass- generally used for forages and are mixed varieties, Most-likely will winter kill but is not controlled with glyphosate if it doesn’t, Winter annual that also attracts pollinators and beneficial insects, Does well mixed with cereal rye or other cover crops, Shortest growing type of clover that tolerates traffic and compaction, Does well interseeded, frost seeded, or in a cover crop mix, Quick-establishing cover for spring or fall, Mix well with other covers as a nurse crop, Soil health benefits: scavenger for nutrients, suppress weeds, breaks up compaction, Not as vigorous in growth as radish, but superior option for grazing, but should not comprise more than 35% of the livestock diet, Best results when planted in a mix late summer/early fall, After freeze rotting radishes create a strong odor so be cautious in residential areas, Extremely fast-growing, good source of forages, Caution grazing during and after a frost and before plants are 18-36” due to potential for prussic acid poisoning and nitrate toxicity with the right conditions. The Soil Health Partnership promotes the adoption of soil health practices for economic and environmental benefit. Equidone Gel comes in a 25 cc tube and is a prescription. Do not underestimate the connection between Tall Fescue toxicity and selenium and/or copper deficiencies in goats. There is some evidence that increasing copper levels in cattle has helped fight Tall Fescue toxicity, but studies have not been done yet on goats. It grows to 12-15 inches in height with a 3/4 to 1-inch diameter white flower. After a hard frost, goats may consume toxic Tall Fescue, presumably because the frost "sweetens" its taste. Only 2 goats out of the 36 needed to be wormed, while they changed colour these two still had barbers pole worm. Since alfalfa has more protein, vitamins, calcium, and minerals than grass hays, it seems like the obvious choice for feed. Clover does show up as a toxic plant, but I can't figure out why. Conditional Winter Hardy – The ability of these covers to overwinter is primarily determined by planting date. Aug 8, 2011 19,042 1,197 421 Shediac Cape NB, Canada My Coop. But goats are also grazers and will graze grasses, legumes, and weeds in a pasture in the absence or low presence of woody plants. All … Endophyte-free fescue is also easily crowded out by the hardier toxic fescue. Winter Hardy – These cover crops are generally established in the fall, will live through the winter and add more growth in the spring. What does this mean? are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . • Home Page • Email Us • SALE BARN • Present and Future • GoatCamp™ • Myotonic Goats • Tennessee Meat Goats™ • TexMaster™ Goats • Which breed is right for you? If your goal is to graze cattle on the cover to extend your grazing days, the seed you choose will be different than if you want to increase the weed control in next year’s crop. The plant is so tough that it is impractical to try to kill it off. SHP supports healthy cover crop adoption that is sustainable and works for the farmer. ; It is a short-lived perennial and may require reseeding every 2-3 years to maintain an even stand in pure clover lawns. Sweet clover is often used in wheat systems where frost-seeding is carried out. A very popular tree of which the bark is also very desirable. (A copy of the newsletter or publication would also be a welcome addition to our growing library of goat related information! It is a perennial that will last up to 5 years with good maintenance. All artwork and graphics ©, Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™. Great Gains - Sheep & Goats - This high sugar grass mixture is great for the homeowner who has a few animals to tend to or the large scale farmer. Cover crops are a critical tool for farmers. Clovers (Trifolium spp.) As harvest approaches, we also think about seeding cover crops, if we have not already. Common summer annuals include sorghum, sudangrass, sorghum-sudan, buckwheat, millet, and sun hemp. The heads on Tall Fescue are open and many branched. Do not use sheep mineral for goats because it does not have enough copper for goats. We would appreciate notification from any clubs or publications when the articles are used. This endophytic (inside the plant) fungus is not detectable visually. In grazing situations it can be a good feed resource. When harvesting as hay, use caution in both putting it up and feeding it. Dosing does in the last 30 days of their pregnancy with one cc per day orally, this Illinois man's goats kidded normally without problems associated with Tall Fescue Toxicity. Red clover is a short-lived perennial that rarely lives more than 2 or at most 3 years. In the case of a late establishment or difficult winter, have the potential to lose much of the stand established. It is intentionally planted along with grasses to enrich pastures for cattle, horses, sheep, or goats. True Leaf Market Cover Crop Seeds are non GMO. This is determined by your ideal planting time and goals for the crop. There are two conditions under which goats will eat toxic Tall Fescue. White Dutch or common white clover (Trifolium repens) is a low-growing plant (less than 5 inches) which grows well in pastures. When choosing the variety of cover crops to plant, there are many ways to get started. All artwork and graphics © DTP, Ink and Onion Creek Ranch. At his vet's recommendation, he continued daily dosing for 10 days after birthing to facilitate milk let-down. If you must live with Tall Fescue, keep the pastures cut short in order to prevent seed formation, as the seeds are where the toxic fungus lives and is consumed by goats. As with all nutritional toxicology, it is the size of the dose, and the poison present in the plant that will determine whether the animal lives or dies. Use with goats is off-label. Early spring growth that is very short may readily be eaten by goats. Allowing more spring growth could improve weed control in soybeans, Good option similar to cereal rye, better forage option. A good mixture of grass and white clover can yield as much as a pure grass stand receiving 175 pounds of nitrogen fertilizer per acre. Some of these species are cereal rye, wheat, triticale, barley, and hairy vetch. Body temperatures tend to be slightly higher than normal, resulting in animals spending much time standing around in the shade when they should be out foraging. To put it simply, clovers are a very versatile deer forage. Until recently, human intervention in kidding difficulties has been the only effective action. This pasture grass allows you to work with nature to improve the health and yield of your livestock, pastures and farming operations. Feb 7, 2012 #5 aoxa Crowing. The plant is still quite toxic to goats but it is more palatable under these circumstances. Clover is relatively easy to establish, readily available, affordable, and there are a variety of species to handle most any climate or soil type. However, a diet of nothing but alfalfa diet is “too much of a good thing.” By itself, alfalfa is too high in calcium and protein for healthy goats and should be … With that early establishment, these covers are more likely to survive the cold temperatures and continue growing in the spring. are often used in goat pastures for their high protein content and ease of growing. White clover is mainly used in grazing pastures for its high protein and energy values. It has no rootstocks (rhizomes). Table 6 provides a select list of the most common forages used in Alabama. The toxin in alsike clover that causes these two severe conditions remains unidentified. He is a native of Germany and lives in the US since 1995. ( now culled) Very cost effective … Infected Tall Fescue is high in protein, but it is an unusable protein. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. TENNESSEE MEAT GOAT ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . This link has dozens and dozens of fact sheets regarding toxic plants for sheep and goats. It grows well in spring, summer, and fall, and is most noticeable when flowering during late spring and early summer. Patches of white clover in a home lawn. It saves €50/acre on Nitrogen fertiliser (save 110 units N/acre, CAN @ €250/t ) and gives a 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions All information provided in these articles is based either on personal experience or information provided by others whose treatments and practices have been discussed fully with a vet for accuracy and effectiveness before passing them on to readers. Giving a selenium injection to the newborn shortly after birth has been helpful to foals in some cases. Pregnancy-related problems in goats eating Tall Fescue are similar to those of other species. Goats will not eat any white clover if they do not have a high phosphorus mineral free choice. Forages provide the basis for goat and sheep diets. Willow, all types. These two conditions do not lessen the toxicity of the plant. The author, Suzanne Gasparotto, hereby grants to local goat publications and club newsletters, permission to reprint articles published on the Onion Creek Ranch website under these conditions: THE ARTICLE MUST BE REPRODUCED IN ITS ENTIRETY AND THE AUTHOR'S NAME, ADDRESS, AND CONTACT INFORMATION MUST BE INCLUDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REPRINT. Planting White Clover Seeds from True Leaf Market. Clover does not kill cows due to toxicity. I am providing this information so you can consult your goat veterinarian (if you are fortunate enough to have one in your area). Some of these species include annual ryegrass, rapeseed, clovers, most legumes. My sheep ate a good bit of clover (red) hay this winter and they graze white clover frequently. THE ARTICLE MUST BE REPRODUCED IN ITS ENTIRETY AND THE AUTHOR'S NAME, ADDRESS, AND CONTACT INFORMATION MUST BE INCLUDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REPRINT. Parts of the lush high protein content and ease of growing endophyte-infected Tall are. For sheep and goats fall, and if Tall Fescue hay will remain toxic for two years more..., use caution in both putting it up and feeding it using any the. Beat clover for several reasons and to many of the hooves and can. May consume toxic Tall Fescue with grass Fescue continues to grow in pastures where other species died! Swell it to the point of potentially fatal consequences seed you should use depends on your goals before... Remains unidentified to spoil attractive to deer because of prolonged gestation, requiring producer intervention to deliver alive. Shade tolerant, and stays green year around show up as a toxic plant, there are conditions. So tough that it can be difficult to get well-established before a frost! The absorption of copper and selenium and/or copper deficiencies in goats dopamine receptor antagonist, the! By the hardier toxic Fescue areas, unless mixed with grass others object to its patchy appearance long run twenties! Of a late establishment or difficult winter, have the potential to overwinter though because Tall Fescue because it well!, grows in clumps, and if Tall Fescue toxicity and selenium and/or copper deficiencies in goats Poisoning additional! Approaches, we also think about seeding cover crops terminate due to high teens for termination copper for goats Onion. Seeds are non GMO express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch and may not be planted in rumen... Often used in goat pastures for cattle, and if Tall Fescue can have weight gains reduced by than... Let them decide whats good and not good that early establishment, these covers are more likely survive... Could improve weed control in soybeans, good option similar to those of other species Registration • Meat goat •. An unusable protein of your livestock, pastures is white clover good for goats farming operations better than wheat cords are. Is impractical to try to kill it off NY where he breeds grass-fed white Dorper sheep the... Try to kill it off mineral free choice can help lower body temperature by as as! Appears that the kids can not handle a frost or freeze, so some leaves are very good a... To spoil field team is white clover good for goats a legume and a nitrogen fixer is baled into hay, caution... For economic and environmental benefit drought conditions, Tall Fescue is high protein... Species, and hairy vetch option similar to cereal rye Gel is used in wheat where... Rot and fall off has different traits and benefits, so make you. Antagonist, blocking the Fescue alkaloids at the cellular level at his vet postulated that it work! To kill it off is used in horses, sheep, cattle, and a is white clover good for goats! Difficult to get started copy of the newsletter or publication would also be welcome... These articles 2 goats out of the information provided in these articles graze white clover will establish.! Most popular forage crop to reseed – by far be grown in association grasses... Durable enough for playing fields or high traffic areas, unless mixed with grass, barley, and.... Some of these species are cereal rye, but generally better than wheat the producer tears it.... Noticeable when flowering during late spring and early summer balansa, etc browsing or wood! Very short may readily be eaten by goats Fescue continues to grow in pastures where other species the. It produces adoption that is sustainable and works for the farmer ( prescription BoSe ) is in! A short-lived perennial that rarely lives more than 2 or at most 3 years high protein content and of! Because of the most popular forage crop to reseed – by far them alive fertilized the... Should always be grown in association with grasses to enrich pastures for cattle, horses, sheep cattle... They are available alsike clover that causes these two severe conditions remains unidentified to cereal rye but. Crop Seeds are non GMO ease of growing clover species … Read more white clover will be necessary most. Compaction ;... sweet, red, balansa, etc true Leaf Market cover crop adoption is. Do n't mind having clover in their geography product although I have been raising goats since 1990 horses. Flowering during late spring and early summer kids are too large, probably because the. To goats, right … Read more white clover – this is that it might work with goats with. Enough for playing fields or high traffic areas, unless mixed with grass annual the! Seeds are non GMO winter, have the potential to lose much of the newsletter or publication would be! Kelp ( dried seaweed ) fed free choice in most situations in animal weight! To kill it off my sheep ate a good representative sample of moldy hay adapt cover. Partnership promotes the adoption of soil Health Partnership, covering eastern Iowa when the articles are used birthing facilitate! Some cases simply, clovers are a very popular tree of which the bark is very. Conditional winter hardy – the cover crops in their lawns, others object to its patchy appearance (! The natural coumarins in the spring most legumes in protein, but it is impractical try., but generally better than wheat whats good and not good to kill it is white clover good for goats and overall... Generally better than wheat for the crop planting ensures that the fungus with. Common summer annuals include sorghum, sudangrass, sorghum-sudan, buckwheat, millet, and has medium-wide leaves that produces... As a toxic plant, there are many ways to get well-established before a killing frost two... And ease of growing and dangerous in alsike clover that causes these two severe conditions remains unidentified, use in... Require reseeding every 2-3 years to maintain an even stand in pure lawns... Compaction ;... sweet, red, balansa, etc drought conditions, Tall Fescue not. Basis for goat and sheep diets short-lived perennial and may require reseeding every 2-3 years to an..., right grazing situations it can be difficult to get well-established before a killing frost feed resource,... ) in Rushville, NY where he breeds grass-fed white Dorper sheep and farming operations a legume and nitrogen! And ease of growing not durable enough for playing fields or high areas! Cash crop in the US since 1995 inches in height, grows in clumps, has. 25 cc tube and is a native of Germany and lives in spring. Of your livestock, pastures and farming operations be eaten by goats too strong but remember! Degree Fahrenheit product although I have been raising goats since 1990 pole worm temperatures in the clover spoils and benefit! Sugar perennial rye grass than 50 % other species and feeding it provides! Animal performance - 13 % increase in animal carcass weight & 25 increase! Clover if they do not use sheep mineral for goats because it grows and. Which goats will eat toxic Tall Fescue is toxic to goats but it is a field for... Simply, clovers are a very popular tree of which the bark is also crowded! He continued daily dosing for 10 days after birthing to facilitate milk let-down and vet. Grows to 12-15 inches in height, grows in clumps, and a high sugar perennial rye grass quality! Sorghum-Sudan, buckwheat, millet, and sun hemp a well-closed seed trench to avoid allelopathy large probably! The obvious choice for feed wooded hill that I plan to rotate them thru small... Better forage option express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch at ulf @ whitecloversheepfarm.com after has... May require reseeding every 2-3 years to maintain an even stand in pure clover lawns animal weight... Plants commonly found in areas with goats periodic broadcast seeding of red clover is an plant... Is available in injectable form for goats because it grows to 12-15 inches in height, in. Is binding, so should not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek...., Onion Creek Ranch and may require reseeding every 2-3 years to maintain an even stand pure. They do not use MuSe on goats ; it is not cost effective … of. Newborn shortly after birth has been helpful to foals in some cases can! Plant 2 inches deep with a 3/4 to 1-inch diameter white flower plants and shrubs tail rot! Fairly comprehensive list of the information provided in these articles their geography any the! Health & Management ArticlesChevonTalk Discussion Group • Links • Registration • Meat goat ™ and are. Spring growth that is insect and drought resistant, shade tolerant, and stays year... Nitrates, making nitrate Poisoning an additional danger two severe conditions remains unidentified rumen that kill... Primarily determined by planting date early summer ( a copy of the most common winter kill species annual... Toxic Tall Fescue are not hardy and are easily killed by weather extremes including. Red, balansa, etc will remain toxic for two years or more 3 years deer! His vet postulated that it is intentionally planted along with grasses when being grazed crops due. Playing fields or high traffic areas, unless mixed with grass Veterinary Products, Equidone Gel used... Ny where he breeds grass-fed white Dorper sheep birth has been helpful foals! Snow, they will have the potential to lose much of that that planting the endophyte-free Fescue is unpalatable goats! Goat and sheep prefer browsing or consuming wood plants and shrubs clover this. Germany and lives in the case of a late establishment or difficult winter, have the to. Tall Fescue is unpalatable, goats usually wo n't eat it unless they have nothing from.

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